Managment of Eye Problems

The eyes are a very precious part of your body, so it's important to keep them healthy and well-functioning! An annual routine check-up is the the most preventative method to guard against eye diseases.  Our managment includes diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, and if needed, we provide co-managment by referral to the proper specialists and subspecialists in our wide network for further management.

Common Eye Diseases

Here are some symptoms of common eye problems. If you experience any of those listed below, make sure to handle the situation accordingly; feel free to contact our office or rush to the nearest hospital if it's an emergency.

Dry Eyes

 

Dry eye syndrome is caused by a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Dry eye symptoms are extremely variable, they may include any of the following: stinging or burning of the eye; a sandy or gritty feeling; episodes of excess tears following very dry eye periods; fluctuation of vision; uncomfortable contact lenses; decreased tolerance of reading, working on the computer and eye fatigue.

Pink Eye ( Conjunctivitis)

 

Pink eye (conjunctivitis) is an inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane (conjunctiva) that lines your eyelid and covers the white part of your eyeball (conjunctiva). In the most of cases it is a contagious condition.

 

Pink eye is commonly caused by a bacterial or viral infection or an allergic reaction. It may affect one or both eyes and can be accompanied by a yellowish discharge, excessive tearing, an uncomfortable feeling around the eye, itching and sometimes a sensitivity to bright light

Allergy (itchy eye)

 

This is a very common eye condition caused by the same irritants that cause sneezing and a runny nose among seasonal allergy sufferers. If your eyes itch and are red, tearing or burning, you may have eye allergies (allergic conjunctivitis).

Eye floaters and flashes (flying black spot vision)

Eye floaters are those tiny spots, specks, flecks and "cobwebs" that drift aimlessly around in your field of vision. Although in most cases it is not sight-threatening and requires no treatment, but urgent check up and dilated eye examination is very essential to rule out some serious conditions like retinal detachment. Retinal detachment should always be considered an emergency.

 

 

Blepharitis 

 

Blepharitis is a chronic inflammation of the eyelids. It usually involves the part of the eyelid where the eyelashes grow and affects both eyelids. It can be uncomfortable and may be unsightly. Its symptoms and signs include watery eyes, red eyes, a gritty, burning or stinging sensation in the eyes​, itchy eyelids, red, swollen eyelids,​ crusted eyelashes upon awakening​, more frequent blinking, sensitivity to light.

Contact lens complications

 

Complications associated with contact lenses range from mild to severe and can be infectious or non-infectious, they may occur with all lens modalities of contact lenses. The symptoms of contact lens complication may include, but are not limited to: pain, blurry vision, red eye, and contact lens intolerance. The common complications associated with contact lens use are dry eyes, deposits, corneal neovascularization and hypoxia, papillary conjunctivitis, acute red eyes, corneal ulcer, keratitis, etc.

http://www.uptodate.com/contents/complications-of-contact-lenses

 

Cataract

 

Cataract is the clouding of the natural eye's lens. This is most commonly due to aging, but may also occur due to trauma, irradiation, some medication, etc. Risk factors include diabetes, smoking tobacco, prolonged exposure to sunlight, and alcohol.

The symptoms of cataract may include faded colors, blurry vision, halos around light, trouble with bright lights, and trouble seeing at night.

Surgery to remove cataract is the only way to get rid of it. Ultrasound and laser are considered the most recent methods of removing cataract nowadays. Intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted as a replacement of the removed cataractous lens.

 

Glaucoma

 

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases causing optic nerve damage.Glaucoma has been called the "silent thief of sight" because the loss of vision often occurs gradually over a long period of time, and symptoms only occur when the disease is quite advanced. The risk factors of glaucoma include, but are not limited to,  abnormal eye pressure, age, ethnicity, family history, certain diseases like diabetes M., blood pressure, hypothyroidism and some medications.

If the condition is detected early enough, it is possible to arrest the development or slow the progression with medical and surgical means. Procedures such as measuring the eye pressure, evaluating the visual field, imaging the optic nerve head and measuring the thickness of the nerve fiber layer are very important for diagnosis and treatmeant of glaucoma.

 

Age-related macular degeneration

 

Age related acular degeneration (ARMD) is the leading cause of severe vision loss in people over age 60. It occurs when the small central portion of the retina, known as the macula, deteriorates.

The early symptoms of macular degeneration is usually distortion of straight lines, dark, blurry areas of the center of vision. This may progress to a gradual loss of central vision.

The work up for this disease includes variable modalities of imaging of the back of the eye , Optical coherent tomography, etc. 

There are two main types of age-related macular degeneration:

  • Dry form - The "dry" form of macular degeneration is characterized by the presence of yellow deposits, called drusen, in the macula. 

  • Wet form - The "wet" form of macular degeneration is characterized by the growth of abnormal blood vessels from the choroid underneath the macula. 

Preventative treatment with certain foods may be helpful with the dry form. However, intravitreal injection, photodynamic therapy, laser and surgery are methods of treatment in wet form.